Risk factors for colorectal cancer are things that may increase the chances of developing the disease. There are risk factors that cannot be controlled and some that can be controlled.
Risk factors for colorectal cancer are things that may increase the chances of developing the disease. There are risk factors that cannot be controlled and some that can be controlled. Those risk factors for colorectal cancer outside of your control include being over the age of 50, being of African American descent, or having a family history or a personal history of colon cancer. Having inflammatory bowel disease can also increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer. For example, people who’ve had Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis for many years have an increased risk for colorectal cancer.
Some genetic syndromes also increase the risk of colorectal cancer. Two of the most common of these are hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, and familial adenomatous polyposis.
While risk factors like age, ethnicity and family history are uncontrollable, there are some risk factors that can be controlled. These controllable risk factors are most often related to lifestyle choices like diet, exercise and body weight. Obesity increases the risk for colorectal cancer and diet is also thought to play a role. A common theory is that colorectal cancer may be associated with diets high in red meat or processed foods, as well as those that are high-fat and low-fiber. Other lifestyle factors that may contribute to the risk of colorectal cancer are cigarette smoking and drinking alcohol.